Dentists oftentimes use different tools and methods to clean and repair one's teeth depending on which dental school the professional trained at. One common fixture is a periodontal scaler that removes food stain, tartar and plaque from the surface of the tooth. A dental pick that helps the dentist clear out obstructions formed between the teeth is also used. A polisher is a rotating mandrel that smooths the tooth without harming gingiva (gums) and mucous membranes in the mouth. Dental mirrors reflect the images within at an angle so the dentist can inspect for cavities in the teeth or infection around the gumline.
A dental cleaning removes dental plaque or tartar from the teeth to avoid cavities and gingivitis plus it maintains good oral hygiene. First, the dentist starts with tooth scaling with a periodontal scaler where stains from the surrounding surfaces and the crown, plaque and its byproducts like calculus are removed. The next step is tooth polishing as a rubber cup or brush smooths the surface to prevent plaque from accumulating again. Debridement is only necessary if there is an extreme case of tartar since this process requires ultrasonic instruments to weaken the build-up; then removal by a periodontal scaler and curettes is washed away with chemicals like hydrogen peroxide. Routine checkups with the dentist ensure the return of these dental ailments do not ruin a person's smile.
Avoiding Further Complications
Be careful with vigorous or improper brushing or flossing as these may injure gums. Poor technique such as using a toothbrush with bent bristles may result in sore or bleeding gums or lead to gingivitis. Consult with a dentist to discover proper methods for good oral hygiene if problems do persist. Schedule routine check-ups and cleanings twice a year to avoid major complications to your teeth in the future.